作者: Robert M. Sapolsky

Penguin Press

出版时间: 2017-5-2

价格: USD 35.00

ISBN: 9781594205071

页数: 800 页


Robert M. Sapolsky is the author of several works of nonfiction, including A Primate’s Memoir, The Trouble with Testosterone, and Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers. He is a professor of biology and neurology at Stanford University and the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation genius grant. He lives in San Francisco.



Why do we do the things we do?

More than a decade in the making, this game-changing book is Robert Sapolsky’s genre-shattering attempt to answer that question as fully as perhaps only he could, looking at it from every angle. Sapolsky’s storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person’s reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its evolutionary legacy.

And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one. A behavior occurs–whether an example of humans at our best, worst, or somewhere in between. What went on in a person’s brain a second before the behavior happened? Then Sapolsky pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, or smell caused the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones acted hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli that triggered the nervous system? By now he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened.

Sapolsky keeps going: How was that behavior influenced by structural changes in the nervous system over the preceding months, by that person’s adolescence, childhood, fetal life, and then back to his or her genetic makeup? Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than one individual. How did culture shape that individual’s group, what ecological factors millennia old formed that culture? And on and on, back to evolutionary factors millions of years old.

The result is one of the most dazzling tours d’horizon of the science of human behavior ever attempted, a majestic synthesis that harvests cutting-edge research across a range of disciplines to provide a subtle and nuanced perspective on why we ultimately do the things we do…for good and for ill. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace. Wise, humane, often very funny, Behave is a towering achievement, powerfully humanizing, and downright heroic in its own right.



这本书简直就是一部百科全书!Sapolsky 以一种非常全面的方式探讨了人类行为的方方面面。他从神经生物学、环境、荷尔蒙再到文化、历史和进化因素,深入挖掘了促使我们做出各种行为的原因。这种跨学科的方法使我对人类心理有了更深刻的理解。


Behave 是一本令人难以置信的开拓性著作,挑战了我们对人类行为的传统理解。Sapolsky 以讲故事的方式呈现科学研究,这使得本书既引人入胜又极具教育意义。他将各个领域的发现巧妙地结合在一起,为我们提供了一个关于我们为何做事的全面的视角。


这本书成功地将复杂的心理学和神经科学概念转化为普通读者可以理解的形式。Sapolsky 的写作既清晰又引人入胜,他用生动的例子和轶事把科学带入了生活。对于任何对人类行为感兴趣的人来说,Behave 都是一本必读之作。


Behave 是一部引人入胜的智力之旅,它探索了影响我们行为的错综复杂的影响因素。Sapolsky 的深入研究和清晰的文笔揭示了我们是谁以及我们为何如此的本质。本书提供了许多发人深省的见解,肯定会改变你对人类状况的看法。


这是一本规模宏大的著作,涵盖了广泛的人类行为主题。Sapolsky 的方法新颖而彻底,他将生物学、心理学和社会学融为一炉。Behave 是了解我们自身和我们所做事情的必备读物。